Kashmir is held by India and Pakistan in parts but claimed by both in full. A small sliver of the region is also controlled by China.
Since they were partitioned in 1947, New Delhi and Islamabad have fought three wars – in 1948, 1965, and 1971 – two of which were over Kashmir.
Kashmiri groups in Jammu and Kashmir have been fighting against Indian rule , for independence
According to several human rights groups, thousands of people have been killed in the conflict since 1989.